Blog & News

OECD – Development Co-operation Reports

The 2017 volume of the  Development Co-operation Report focuses on Data for Development. “Big Data” and “the Internet of Things” are more than buzzwords: the data revolution is transforming the way that economies and societies are functioning across the planet. The Sustainable Development Goals along with the data revolution are opportunities that should not be missed: more and better data can help boost inclusive growth, fight inequalities and combat climate change. These data are also essential to measure and monitor progress against the Sustainable Development Goals.

The value of data in enabling development is uncontested. Yet, there continue to be worrying gaps in basic data about people and the planet and weak capacity in developing countries to produce the data that policy makers need to deliver reforms and policies that achieve real, visible and long-lasting development results. At the same time, investing in building statistical capacity – which represented about 0.30% of ODA in 2015 – is not a priority for most providers of development assistance.

There is a need for stronger political leadership, greater investment and more collective action to bridge the data divide for development. With the unfolding data revolution, developing countries and donors have a unique chance to act now to boost data production and use for the benefit of citizens. This report sets out priority actions and good practices that will help policy makers and providers of development assistance to bridge the global data divide, notably by strengthening statistical systems in developing countries to produce better data for better policies and better lives.

EDIOECD – Development Co-operation Reports
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The World Bank – World Development Reports

Why are carefully designed, sensible policies too often not adopted or implemented? When they are, why do they often fail to generate development outcomes such as security, growth, and equity? And why do some bad policies endure? This World Development Report 2017: Governance and the Law addresses these fundamental questions, which are at the heart of development. Policy making and policy implementation do not occur in a vacuum. Rather, they take place in complex political and social settings, in which individuals and groups with unequal power interact within changing rules as they pursue conflicting interests. The process of these interactions is what this Report calls governance, and the space in which these interactions take place, the policy arena. The capacity of actors to commit and their willingness to cooperate and coordinate to achieve socially desirable goals are what matter for effectiveness. However, who bargains, who is excluded, and what barriers block entry to the policy arena determine the selection and implementation of policies and, consequently, their impact on development outcomes. Exclusion, capture, and clientelism are manifestations of power asymmetries that lead to failures to achieve security, growth, and equity. The distribution of power in society is partly determined by history. Yet, there is room for positive change. This Report reveals that governance can mitigate, even overcome, power asymmetries to bring about more effective policy interventions that achieve sustainable improvements in security, growth, and equity. This happens by shifting the incentives of those with power, reshaping their preferences in favor of good outcomes, and taking into account the interests of previously excluded participants. These changes can come about through bargains among elites and greater citizen engagement, as well as by international actors supporting rules that strengthen coalitions for reform. 

EDIThe World Bank – World Development Reports
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European Commission – The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

The EU made a positive and constructive contribution to the development of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

The Millennium Declaration and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which expired at the end of 2015, have made an enormous contribution in raising public awareness, increasing political will and mobilising resources for the fight to end poverty.

Indeed some of greatest progress in recent years has been in precisely those where the MDGs have helped to focus attention.  For example:

  • global poverty has been halved five years ahead of the 2015 timeframe;
  • 90% of children in developing regions now enjoy primary education,
  • and disparities between boys and girls in enrolment have narrowed.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development builds on this experience.  At the core of the Agenda are the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), but there are also important elements on the Means of Implementation and Follow-Up and Review.  The concerns of the MDGs are part of the new framework, but it also goes further.  The 2030 Agenda incorporates follow up from the Rio+20 Conference on Sustainable Development.  It addresses both poverty eradication and the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development in a balanced and integrated manner.

The 2030 Agenda also addresses issues which were reflected in Millennium Declaration but not the MDGs; including issues such as effective institutions, good governance, the rule of law and peaceful societies.

A new departure is the universality of the 2030 Agenda – meaning that it applies to all countries at all levels of development, taking into account their different capacities and circumstances.  Implementation will be driven by a new Global Partnership characterised by shared responsibility, mutual accountability, and engagement by all.  The Means of Implementation for the new Agenda are outlined in the SDGS and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes a stronger follow-up and review framework than existed for the MDGs to help ensure the Agenda is implemented for all, leaving no-one behind.

The EU has played an important role in shaping the 2030 Agenda, through public consultations, dialogue with our partners and in-depth research. The EU will continue to play a leading role as we move into the implementation of this ambitious, transformative and universal Agenda that delivers poverty eradication and sustainable development for all.

EDIEuropean Commission – The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
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Global Development Reports – United Nations Millennium Development Goals

The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – which range from halving extreme poverty rates to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015 – form a blueprint agreed to by all the world’s countries and all the world’s leading development institutions. They have galvanized unprecedented efforts to meet the needs of the world’s poorest. The UN is also working with governments, civil society and other partners to build on the momentum generated by the MDGs and carry on with an ambitious post-2015 development agenda.

EDIGlobal Development Reports – United Nations Millennium Development Goals
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